|The horn pictured below is a single
B-flat four- (or possibly five-) valve model by Ed. Kruspe,
Judging by the design of its label its date of manufacture is prior to
1918. The horn has been fitted with two additional bells: one is a
small bell facing forward, the other is an "echo" bell. Both
bells are part of an assembly of unknown manufacture that was added to
the original Kruspe horn . The Kruspe horn is nickel silver
throughout, while the added assembly is silver plated brass.
|This horn was probably used by a jazz
musician during the early part of the twentieth century. Echo
attachements were popular on cornets from the mid nineteenth century.
The wear on the plating in small bell is evidence that it was
with a mute or for "wah-wah" effects. Open, it probably gives a cornet
or fluegelhorn sornority. The key of Bb would make it easily adaptable
for a trumpet or cornet player.
||The absence of the familiar Kruspe eagle
trade mark and
the inscription reference to the imperial German court
this horn to sometime before 1918.
| The pinky finger valve
originally used either for stopping compensation or as an F
extension, depending upon the slide length. (See the catalog
illustration, below.) The added assembly is
inserted into one leg of this valve with a removable plug inserted into
When the pinky valve is
pressed, the original first branch,
bell tail and bell are cut out of the air way. The airway is then
directed through several loops of tubing to the thumb valve which
selects either the small bell or echo bell. (The several loops of
tubing are necessary to compensate for the removal of the first branch
and bell tail.) The whole assembly appears to have been
be removable. It is secured by two screws and can be slipped out of the
pinky valve leg. It has since, however, been spot soldered to the
corpus in two places, probably to prevent rattling or buzzing.
|This illustration from a ca. 1920 Kruspe
catalog shows a very similar single Bb horn with F extention and
stopping valve. This, or its predecessor is probably the base
model used for the "Jazz" horn pictured above.
Bulletin de l'Association des Collectionneurs d'Instruments à
Vent, No. 19, December, 1996, p. 21)
The above illustration is a patent drawing for an echo attachment similar to the one added to the Kruspe.
Hans Pizka, Hornisten-Lexicon, Hans Pizka Edition, Kirchheim bei Munchen, 1986, p. 353
This horn is in the
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